Hanoi is the heart of Vietnam and Ba Dinh Square can be said to be the heart of Hanoi. All of important events of capital as well as country took place here. So how’s Ba Dinh Square set up or what’s its history?
Formally, this place belonged to the West gate area of Hanoi Citadel. At the begining of French colonial period, the citadel was destroyed and made as a small flower garden called “circle point” by colonials. Later on in 1945, it’s renamed as Ba Dinh flower garden to memorize the breakout of first Vietnam war against France in Ba Dinh, Thanh Hoa province that occurred from September 1886 to January 1887.
On September 2, 1945, half a million people from Hanoi and neighboring areas came to Ba Đinh Square to attend the Independence Day.
At 14.00 pm, all members of interim Goverment were on the ceremony stage which had been well-decorated. After the Flag Ceremony, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Then, the interior minister – Vo Nguyen Giap presented the situation of country and goverment policy. Minister of propaganda Tran Huy Lieu reported the deprivation of seal and sword which symbolized for the power of Nguyen Dynasty in Hue. The representative of Viet Minh goverment, Nguyen Luong Bang talked about the struggle and called on people to unite and put ups revolutionary process. Finally, the meeting became a mass parade on streets.
On September 9, 1969 – 6 days after the dissolution of President Ho Chi Minh – also at Ba Dinh Square, a mourning service for President Ho Chi Minh was held with thousands of Vietnamese people and foreign friends attending.
Ba Dinh Square is 320 meters in length and 100 meters in width covers 168 grass squares. It can contain about 20000 people and it is a place for gatherings or festival activities. At the centre of the square is a 30-meter high flag pillar.
Ba Dinh Square has been become a sacred space of Hanoi