Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum – A must-see destination in Hanoi

When you are in Hanoi, Vietnam, one destination you should not miss is Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum was inaugurated on August 29, 1975. This construction work officially started on September 2, 1973 in the centre of Ba Dinh Square, designed by Vietnamese and Soviet Union architects.

The mausoleum is 21.6 metres high and features a three-stored structure. The first store was built as the shape of perron used to be as a platform for the Presidium on meetings. The second store is the main structure of the tomb including corpse room, corridors, stairs. The third is the roof of the tomb which was built as the shape of perron as well. At the main side of the tomb, there are words: Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh (Chairman Ho Chi Minh) in red plum marble inscribed across the mausoleum’s portico.

Entering the central hall, we can see the Uncle Ho’s body’s preserved in a glass coffin decorated around with Party flag and National flag, lying as if he were sleeping in the simple clothes worn when he was alive.

The Mausoleum is a significant cultural architecture which was built by materials collected from different regions in all over the country such as specious stone and wood as well as different kinds of tree and flower to decorate arround the building.

Everyday, there are many Vietnamese people and foreign visitors visiting Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum. And you should take note these things to have a perfect visit:

–  Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum opening hours is from 8 am to 11 am on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thurday, Saturday and Sunday. Last entry is at 10.15 am. Every year, it will be closed in 2 months (October and November) for anual body maintenance.

– You should dress modestly and keep silient during the visit to express your respectation. Hats should be taken off and camera or cell phone is not permited.

– You should queue up and waiting to enter, so,  you’d better go early.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum can be considered as the largest monument of the 20th century for Vietnamese and is really a must-see destination for all visitors when they are in Hanoi.

How’s Ba Dinh Square set up?

Hanoi is the heart of Vietnam and Ba Dinh Square can be said to be the heart of Hanoi. All of important events of capital as well as country took place here. So how’s Ba Dinh Square set up or what’s its history?

Formally, this place belonged to the West gate area of Hanoi Citadel. At the begining of French colonial period, the citadel was destroyed and made as a small flower garden called “circle point” by colonials. Later on in 1945, it’s renamed as Ba Dinh flower garden to memorize the breakout of first Vietnam war against France in Ba Dinh, Thanh Hoa province that occurred from September 1886 to January 1887.

On September 2, 1945, half a million people from Hanoi and neighboring areas came to Ba Đinh Square to attend the Independence Day.

At 14.00 pm, all members of interim Goverment were on the ceremony stage which had been well-decorated. After the Flag Ceremony, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Then, the interior minister – Vo Nguyen Giap presented the situation of country and goverment policy. Minister of propaganda Tran Huy Lieu reported the deprivation of seal and sword which symbolized for the power of Nguyen Dynasty in Hue. The representative of  Viet Minh goverment, Nguyen Luong Bang talked about the struggle and called on people to unite and put ups revolutionary process. Finally, the meeting became a mass parade on streets.

On September 9, 1969 – 6 days after the dissolution of  President  Ho Chi Minh – also at Ba Dinh Square, a mourning service for President Ho Chi Minh was held with thousands of Vietnamese people and foreign friends attending.

Ba Dinh Square is 320 meters in length and 100 meters in width covers 168 grass squares. It can contain about 20000 people and it is a place for gatherings or festival activities. At the centre of the square is a 30-meter high flag pillar.

Ba Dinh Square has been become a sacred space of Hanoi