General information about Thang Long – Hanoi

The capital Hanoi is one of two biggest centers of culture, politics and economy in Vietnam. Being famous for historical land, ancient architecture and various types of art, Hanoi always is an attractive destination to visitors all around the world.

Thang Long – Hanoi was formed and developed in the 11th century (1010) when King Ly Thai To decided to relocate the capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh) to Dai La (Hanoi). At that time, the Thang Long citadel was bordered by Red River, To Lich River and Kim Nguu River. The abundant land with a terrain of “rolling dragon and sitting tiger” became the center of culture, politics and education under Vietnamese feudal Dynasties such as Ly, Tran, Le, Mac and Nguyen.

After the collapse of feudalism and the successful struggle for independence and unity, from 1976 up until now, Hanoi has officially been the national capital of Vietnam. In 2008, Hanoi extended administrative area with 3.324.92 square kilometers in the total area, including 1 town, 10 urban districts and 18 suburban districts with the population of nearly 6.5 million.

Hanoi used to be founded as an ancient economic center with lots of bustling and crowded old quarters. However, with the remarkable growth of Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi recently is known as the second commercial center in Vietnam.

About culture, Hanoi is recognized as a convergence of cultural quintessence characterized by both the North and Vietnam as well. Hanoi also is a place where a lot of celebrities, artists and businessmen from different areas to settle down and set up business, creating the diversity in habits and customs as well as unique cultural identities.

Hanoi is one of three destinations having the most festivals in the North of Vietnam. Almost festivals are held to celebrate historic heroes who made a contribution to build the country or to preserve traditional games by competing.

About cultural culinary, Hanoi is the famous destination with many traditional dishes. Visitors will have chance to feel the stickiness of the young rice and at the same time enjoy its sweet and fragrant taste when coming to Com Vong village. Steamed rolled cake from Thanh Tri, Hoang Mai District, or La Vong grilled fish pies, or noodles in the Old Quarter or vermicelli on Hang Than Street,…all these dishes has been leaving an unforgettable impression in tourists’ hearts when visiting this beloved land.