Thai Hoa palace is one of the most important center constructions of the citadel in Hue, Vietnam. It can be considered as the the hall of supreme harmony – where the court organized monthly gala evenings and special ceremonies with the presence of king, queen, imperial clan and mandarins.
Thai Hoa Palace began to be built on February 21, 1805 and completed after eight months. Almost 30 years later, in 1833 Emperor Minh Mang decided to move this palace 30 meters to the front to the current position.
Passing the Gate of Noon (Ngo Mon Gate), we follow the main route, also called the path of courage (Dũng Đạo). Opposite the palace courtyard is Thai Dich Lake – the lake was excavated from the reign of Emperor Gia Long. The bridge of loyalty (Trung Đạo) crosses the lake and leads to the courtyard which has 3 floors. The lowest floor is a place that seniors over 70 and relatives on the mother side of the king stood on holidays.
The second floor – where mandarins – middle position and low (in court, mandarins were classified in 9 position, the first is the most powerful and the ninth is the least powerful, this place is designated for mandarins from the fourth to the ninth) stood in ceremonies. Both sides of the room have two rows of stone to show the title of mandarins
The top floor is a place for major mandarins from third position to the first. On this floor, the two sides have flags and water bowls.
Crossing the giant courtyard, we found a huge palace which is about 1300 square meters. The main hall is 43.30 meters long, 30.1 meters wide. The palace has two chambers – the front chamber and the main chamber. The main one has the throne.
In the days of ceremony or funeral, the King sit on his throne in the main hall to proclaim edicts, receive important guests or praise of mandarins.
Decoration and architecture of Thai Hoa Palace, in general, has a special concept of number 5, and especially the number 9. The numbers do not appear only in the exterior decoration of buildings but also in the number of steps. From the Great Hall of the Gate of the Forbidden City to the Thai Hoa Palace, Emperor needed to pass one stair of 9 steps and one of 5 steps. Standing in the field looking from the Forbidden City to the palace, we can see nine dragons (in different positions) on each roof
Inside, from the throne, the wooden strip around until each side of three floors are decorated with nine dragons each location. Today, thanks to its historical value, Thai Hoa Palace became one of famous tourist destinations in Hue, Vietnam