Phong Nha Ke Bang national park was recognized as a world natural heritage in 2003 by UNESCO. It is located between Bo Trach and Minh Hoa district of Quang Binh province, which is 500 km from Hanoi to the South.
It stands inside a karst mountainous area which is one of 238 most essential ecosystems in the world. Because it consists of over 300 caves, it is also called as “The Kingdom of caves”.
The name Phong Nha Ke Bang is the combination of Phong Nha cave and Ke Bang karst forest. The system of Phong Nha caves starts from the South of Ke Bang forest. Its length is 80km. Caves are arranged as branches of a tree.
Typical caves here are Phong Nha, Tien Son, Paradise, Dark, Swallow, Khe Ry, and especially Son Doong.
Phong Nha Ke Bang national park is famous for primitive forest of tens of over-1000-meter mountain which is so dangerous that no one has arrived. Scientists estimate that there are about 2.400 kinds of rare plants, 140 kinds of animals, 356 kinds of birds, 97 kinds of reptiles, 162 kinds of fishes, and 369 kinds of insects.
Beside a system of various caves, plants, and animals, Phong Nha Ke Bang is famous for historical and cultural relics which is the proof of ancient Vietnamese, Champa Culture, and war.
This is the most favorite destination in Quang Binh, and considered as a giant botanical museum which has not been thoroughly discovered.